Scientific Name
Xenocephalus elongatus  
Xenocephalus elongatus奇頭鰧
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843) Depth 35 - 440M
Chinese 奇頭鰧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰧科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F443 Uranoscopidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 奇頭鰧 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 大頭丁、眼鏡魚、含笑、向天虎、瞻星魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Ariscopus iburius, Gnathagnus elongatus, Gnathagnus elongatus elongatus, Uranoscopus elongatus, Xenocephalus elongatus elongatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2006)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0058732. ASIZP0058758. ASIZP0062557. ASIZP0064544. ASIZP0064996. ASIZP0067830. ASIZP0074887. ASIZP0800404. ASIZP0803591. ASIZP0900385. ASIZP0910404. ASIZP0913591. FRIP00473. NMMSTP00152. NTMP0208. NTMP1228. NTMP1331. NTUM01665. NTUM02124. NTUM03791. NTUM03796. NTUM06332. USNM00192557.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Elongate stargazer 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, depressed anteriorly, compressed posteriorly. Head massive, nearly cube-shaped, flattened dorsally, rounded anteriorly. Eyes large, located on dorsolateral edges of head, Both lips smooth. Mouth large, protractile, almost vertical; jaws, prevomer, and palatines toothed; a pair of pockets on anterior roof of mouthdentary of lower jaw projecting with growth, forming a plate-like dilatation. No preopercular spine, nor dermal flap along opercular margin. Cleithral spine small, nearly equal to eye-diameter. Dorsal fin single, with 13 or 14 rays; anal fin with 16 to 18 rays; pectoral fin with 22 to 24 rays. Body bluish green; many dark brown spots scattered on side.
habitats Found on the shelf and shelf edge. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Japan and the Ryukyu Islands to the East China Sea. Also found in Indonesia. It is found in southwestern and northeastern Taiwanese waters.  
Utility No commercial value.