Scientific Name
Zenarchopterus buffonis  
Zenarchopterus buffonis蟾異鱗鱵
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1847) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 蟾異鱗鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱵科 Economic Fish No 
Family F254 Hemiramphidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 蟾異鱗鱵 
Max Length 23 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 異鰭鱵、補網師、水針 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Pulo-Pinan 
Synonyms Hemiramphus buffonis, Hemirhamphus buffonis, Zenarchopterus buffoni   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Kottelat, M. etc. 1999 
Specimen List NMNSF00120.  
Common Name Buffon's halfbeak; Buffonis halfbeak; Buffon's river-garfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and compressed, with greatly prolonged, beak-like lower jaw; upper jaw short, triangular, and scaly, its width slightly shorter than its length; lower-jaw length longer than head length. Fleshy protrusion of nostril long. Total number of gill rakers on first gill arch 14 to 19. Dorsal fin rays 11 or 12; anal fin rays 10 to 13; mature males with 4th-5th dorsal ray filamentous and 6th-7th anal ray enlarged, fan-like; pectoral fins short with 10 or 11 rays; pelvic fins located closer to caudal-fin base than to origin of pectoral fins; distance from pelvic-fin origin to caudal-fin base contained 1.5 times in distance from pectoral-fin origin to pelvic-fin origin; caudal fin truncate. Predorsal scales 27 to 33. Body greenish above, silvery white below; upper jaw with a brown stripe on the middle of dorsal part; fleshy tip of beak black.
habitats Found at the surface levels in coastal waters, estuaries and rivers. Feeds on terrestrial insects. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from India, Malay Peninsula, East Indies, Philippines, Hainan Island in China, Taiwan, New Guinea to northern Australia. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Is., weastern part. 
Utility Not seen in markets.