Scientific Name
Synodus variegatus  
Synodus variegatus花斑狗母魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1803) Depth 4 - 91M
Chinese 花斑狗母魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 合齒魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F187 Synodontidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 雜斑狗母魚 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 狗母梭、狗母、花狗母 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Salmo variegatus, Salmo varius, Saurida rubrotaeniata, Saurus cynodus, Saurus englemani, Saurus synodus, Saurus variegatus, Synodus engelmani, Synodus englamani, Synodus englemani, Synodus houlti, Synodus indicus, Synodus ulae ...all 15..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.3(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Zaiser, M.J. etc. 1981 
Specimen List ASIZP0057102. ASIZP0058686. ASIZP0058760. ASIZP0059174. ASIZP0059394. ASIZP0059739. ASIZP0060040. ASIZP0060060. ASIZP0060152. ASIZP0062758. ASIZP0063380. ASIZP0070527. ASIZP0071144. ASIZP0080218. ASIZP0802257. ASIZP0805878. ASIZP0805880. ASIZP0806539. ASIZP0912257. ASIZP0915878. ASIZP0915880. ASIZP0916539. FRIP20135. FRIP20236. FRIP20238. FRIP21638. NMMBP02201. NMMBP02520. NMMBP03109. NMMBP03350. NMMBP03368. NMMBP04039. NMMBP05308. NMMBP06010. NMMBP07881. NMMBP08710. NTOU-AE6145. ...List all 47 records... 
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Red lizardfish; Redband lizardfish; Reef lizardfish; Pointhead lizardfish; Variegated lizardfish; Fowler's lizard fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body subcylindrical, slihgtly depressed on head. Snout tip rounded. Anteriormost palatine teeth longer than more posterior teeth and in a discrete group. Membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender. Head and body with cycloid scales; cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; Scales above lateral line 5.5; (rarely 6.5); lateral-line scales with 60-63. Dorsal fin about midway on back, with 11-13(usually 13); anal fin with 8-11; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins; caudal fin forked. Adults variable from grey to red. On some individuals, the hourglass- or saddle-shaped markings along its side may be obliterated by an almost solid dark red band. Large individuals are often thick-bodied, giving a hump-backed appearance.
habitats Inhabits deep lagoon and seaward reefs to depths over 40 m; sometimes found on sandy bottoms concealing itself in the sand. Prefers to rest on hard surfaces and frequently occurs in pairs. Feeds on small fishes by seizing these from passing schools. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Lord Howe, Kermadec and Rapa islands; throughout Micronesia. It found in southwestern, southern 
Utility Food fish; marketed fresh.