Scientific Name
Hyporhamphus intermedius  
Hyporhamphus intermedius間下鱵
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cantor, 1842) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 間下鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱵科 Economic Fish No 
Family F254 Hemiramphidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 間下鱵魚 
Max Length 15.1 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 補網師、水針 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Chusan Island, China 
Synonyms Hemirhamphus intermedius, Hemirhamphus kurumeus, Hyporhamphus kurumeus, Hyporhamphus occipitalis, Hyporhamphus occipitalis, Hyporhamphus sinensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2003);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Cantor, T. E. 1842 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0078457. NMMBP04144. NMNSF01147. NTMP1299. NTUM08175.  
Common Name Garfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and compressed, with greatly prolonged, beak-like lower jaw slightly longer than head length; upper jaw short, triangular and scaly, its width 1.1 to 1.3 times in its length. With unicuspid teeth arranged in the anterior parts of both jaws. Preorbital ridge present; posterior branch to preorbital lateral-line canal absent. Total number of gill rakers on first gill arch 26 to 32, 7 to 11 on upper and 19 to 24 on lower limb of arch. Dorsal-fin rays 13 to 17; anal-fin rays 14 to 19; pectoral fins short, with 10 to 12 rays; caudal fin emarginate, not strongly forked. Anterior part of dorsal and anal fins covered with scales; predorsal scales 48 to 63. Vertebrae 47-54. Body greenish above, the silvery lateral stripe widening posteriorly, white ventrally; fleshy tip of beak reddish.
habitats Enters estuaries and freshwater. Feeds on zooplankton. 
Distribution Distributed in the northwest Pacific from Honshu, Japan and the northern part of the Yellow Sea south to southern China, including Taiwan. It is found in northern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.