Scientific Name
Sargocentron cornutum  
Sargocentron cornutum點鰭棘鱗魚
by: J. H. Tian
Author (Bleeker, 1853) Depth 2 - 40M
Chinese 點鰭棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 角棘鱗魚 
Max Length 17.3 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、North、North East、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Ceram [Seram] or Ambon Island, Moluccas Islands, Indonesia 
Synonyms Adioryx ruber, Holocentrum cornutum, Holocentrus cornutum, Holocentrus cornutus, Sargocentron sp., Sargocentrum cornutum   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  Bleeker, P. 1853 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055552. ASIZP0058160. ASIZP0916897. FRIP21163. NMMBP01167. NTUM03664. NTUM06634.  
Common Name Squirrelfish; Threespot squirrelfish; Horned squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 9 soft rays. Stripes black to red above, with thin white interspaces. Black peduncular blotch and additional blotches at soft dorsal and anal fin bases that vary greatly in size between individuals or habitats. Large spine in anal fin blue. Alternating broad deep red and narrow silvery stripes on body. 1-6 spinules on posterior edge and 0-1 on anterior of nasal fossa. Preopercular spine 3/4 to nearly equal to orbit diameter. Four oblique rows of scales on cheek. Body depth 2.7-3.0 in SL; head length 2.8-3.0 in SL; snout length 4.4-4.85 in head length; interorbital width 4.3-4.7 in head length; premaxillary groove extending slightly posterior to a vertical at anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone ending in short spine that angles laterally; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; 1-6 spinules at posterior edge of nasal fossa, 0-1 at anterior edge; upper edge of first suborbital bone with a laterally projecting spine near a vertical at the front edge of orbit, followed by a serrated ridge; preopercular spine varying from 3/4 to nearly equal to orbit diameter, 2.85-3.5 in head length; longest dorsal spines 3rd or 4th, 1.8-2.0 in head length; third anal spine 1.1-1.3 in head length.
habitats Inhabits coral-rich areas of outer reef slopes and drop-offs to depths greater than 40 m. Hides in caves or beneath ledges by day; forage for food at night, mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. Spine of preopercle venomous. 
Distribution Western Pacific: Indonesia (including Mentawai Islands), Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Great Barrier Reef. Also reported from Malaysia, Tosa Bay, Japan, and Viet Nam. 
Utility Not commercial food species.