Scientific Name
Amblygaster sirm  
Amblygaster sirm西姆鈍腹鯡
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Walbaum, 1792) Depth 10 - 75M
Chinese 西姆鈍腹鯡 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑點鈍腹鯡 
Max Length 27 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鰮仔、沙丁魚、苦瞭(臺東)、賽姆圓腹沙丁魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Ambligaster sirm, Clupea harengus sirm, Clupea pinguis, Clupea sirm, Sardinella leiogastroides, Sardinella sirm, Sardinops dakini   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0070535. ASIZP0075097. ASIZP0076135. ASIZP0076136. ASIZP0805891. ASIZP0807053. ASIZP0807054. ASIZP0915891. ASIZP0917053. ASIZP0917054. FRIP00979. FRIP20225. FRIP21285. FRIP22130. FRIP22439. NTMP1457. NTUM00129. NTUM02014. NTUM06910. NTUM06970.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Northern pilchard; Spotted sardinella; Spotted pilchard 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body slender, subcylindrical lindrical, abdomen rather rounded with 16 to 18 (mostly 17) prepelvic and 13 to 15 (mostly 14) postpelvic scutes; scutes not prominent; pelvic scute with ascending arms. Upper jaw rounded without distinct median notch or cleft. Two supramaxillae present; second supramaxilla symmetrical. Opercle smooth, without bony striae. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 33 to 43. Pelvic-fin insertion about equal with point between vertical through bases of sixth to tenth dorsal-fin rays. Body dorsum darkly coloured blue-green, flanks silvery; lower head gold, and usually with a lateral series of 10 to 20 dark bluish gold spots dorsaly and caudal fins dusky yellow and other fins pale.
habitats A schooling species occurring in coastal waters and lagoons. Feeds mainly on copepods, nauplii and zoea larvae, larval bivalves and gastropods. 
Distribution Widespread in tropical Indo-West Pacific from the Red Sea and Madagascar to Indonesia, Gulf of Thailand, New Guinea, and the Philippines; north to Taiwan and Okinawa; south to New Guinea, the Arafura Sea, northern Australia, and Fiji.. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, boiled, or made into fish balls. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.