Scientific Name
Clupanodon thrissa  
Clupanodon thrissa盾齒鰶
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Linnaeus, 1758) Depth 0 - 60M
Chinese 盾齒鰶 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 花鰶 
Max Length 26 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 銀耀鱗、銀鱗水滑、多斑鰶、海鯽仔 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Chatoessus haihoensis, Chatoessus maculatus, Chatoessus osbeckii, Chatoessus triza, Clupanodon haihoensis, Clupea thrissa, Clupea triza   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Nelson, G.J. 1970 Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List FRIP00004. FRIP00271. NMMBP05327. NTUM00101Holotype. NTUM04841.  
Common Name Chinese gizzard shad; Gizzard shad 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep; belly with 16 to 19 (usually 18) + 9 to 12 (usually 10 or 11) total 27 to 31 (usually 29 or 30) scutes; pre-dorsal scutes present, 17 to 26 (usually 20 to 25). Opercle smooth, without bony striae. Gill rakers on first gill arch fine and numerous (about 200 to 400, increasing with size of fish), at least 3/4 length of corresponding gill filaments on first gill arch. Dorsal-fin origin moderately before midpoint of body; last dorsal-fin ray filamentous. Vertebrae 43 to 46 (usually 44 or 45). A dark spot behind gill opening, followed by further spots on flank.
habitats Found in coastal waters and in rivers, presumably tolerating brackish water, if not fully fresh condition. 
Distribution Distributed in Northwest Pacific from China, apparently south to Viet Nam. Specimens were recorded from Phuket Island, Thailand (Andaman Sea). It found in western and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal. Used as bait in the turn fishery.