Scientific Name
Pellona ditchela  
Pellona ditchela庇隆多齒鰳
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Valenciennes, 1847 Depth 10 - 55M
Chinese 庇隆多齒鰳 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鋸腹鰳科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F094 Pristigasteridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 庇隆多齒鰳 
Max Length 16 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 庇隆鰳、齒鰳 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Vishakhapatnam [Vizagapatam], India 
Synonyms Ilisha hoeveni, Ilisha hoevenii, Pellona ditcheli, Pellona ditchella, Pellona dithchela, Pellona hoeveni, Pellona hoevenii, Pellona natalensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List FRIP00027. FRIP00823. FRIP00824. FRIP00825. FRIP03161.  
Common Name Shad; Toothed shad; Ditchelee; Indian pellona; Herring 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep, compressed; belly with usually 18 or 19 + 8 or 9, total 26 to 28 scutes, strongly keeled. Eye large, lower jaw projecting; and upper jaw with a toothed hypo-maxillary bone between hind tip of pre-maxilla and lower bulge of maxilla blade. short and thick. Gill rakers fairly; lower gill rakers on first gill arch 22 to 27. Dorsal fin origin near midpoint of body. Scales with upper and lower vertical striae slightly overlapping each other at center of scales. Head gold, snout and chin dusky; body dusky above, gold on flanks and silvery below; faint humeral spot present; dorsal and caudal fins with dark stippling, other fins pale.
habitats Occurs in coastal areas, entering mangrove areas and estuaries, and freshwater as well, thus apparently fully euryhaline. 
Distribution Tropical Indo-West Pacific from western Gulf of Oman to Durban, South Africa, also Madagascar, Thailand, India to Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Taiwan and to north- and southwestern Australia. It very rare and only found in southeastern Ta 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, boiled, or made into fishmeal or fishballs. Regarded as an excellent bait in the tuna fishery.