Scientific Name
Hemiculter leucisculus  
Hemiculter leucisculus
by: ©I-S. Chen
Author (Basilewsky, 1855) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China  
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 苦槽仔、海鰱仔、奇力仔、白條、白鱎、條 
Distribution in World East Asia Continent、Taiwan   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Rivers flowing into Bay of Tschili [Chihli], Beijing [Peking], China 
Synonyms Chanodichthys leucisculus, Culter leucisculus, Cultriculus akoensis, Hemiculter clupeoides, Hemiculter eigenmanni, Hemiculter kneri, Hemiculter leuciclus, Hemiculter leucisclus, Hemiculter schrencki, Hemiculter schrencki schrencki, Hemiculterella eigenmanni, Hemicultur clupeoides, Kendallia goldsboroughi ...all 15..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ANSP49953Holotype. ASIZP0054509. ASIZP0054832. ASIZP0057997. ASIZP0058018. ASIZP0058544. ASIZP0072567. ASIZP0072568. ASIZP0072569. ASIZP0074991. ASIZP0075221. ASIZP0805250. ASIZP0805251. ASIZP0805252. ASIZP0806697. ASIZP0915250. ASIZP0915251. ASIZP0915252. ASIZP0916697. BMNH1908.5.27.1-2. FRIP00530. FRIP03141. NMMBP02658. NMMBP04074. NMMBP04225. NMMBP04519. NMMBP04649. NMMBP04650. NMMBP04651. NMMBP04652. NMMBP05426. NMMSTP00463. NMNSF00077. NMNSF00302. NMNSF00438. NMNSF00644. NMNSF00764. ...List all 80 records... 
Barcode2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Sharpbelly; Wild carp; Common sawbelly; Buyr sawbelly; Korean sharpbelly; Minnow 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head moderately small, pointed, compressed, roof of head flat. Snout short, protractile, slightly longer than eye diameter. Eye moderately large; interorbital space broad and longer than eye diameter. Mouth protractile. Body elongated, slender and compressed; keel extends from pectoral fin origin to anus. Scales moderately small, cycloid, lateral line complete. L.l.:48-50; dorsal fin rays:III, 7; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:3+11-12. Pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked, lower lob slightly longer than upper. Olive grayish dorsally, silvery white ventrally, caudal fin margin dark.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running and still water at lower and middle reaches, abundant in ponds, lakes and backwater of rivers. Form schools. Polyphagia, feeds on water vegetation, diatom and aquatic insects. Highly tolerance to water polluti 
Distribution Extensively distributed to eastern Asia, including Vietnam, China, Korea, Russia and Taiwan. Can be found in western portion of Taiwan. 
Utility Popular with angling.