Scientific Name
Microphysogobio brevirostris  
Microphysogobio brevirostris短吻小鰾鮈
by: Shih-Pin Huang
Author (Günther, 1868) Depth 1 - 5M
Chinese 短吻小鰾鮈 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 短吻小鰾鮈 
Max Length 9 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 車栓仔、短吻棒花魚、短吻鐮柄魚 
Distribution in World Taiwan [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Taiwan 
Synonyms Abbottina brevirostris, Pseudogobio brevirostris   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 樂佩琦 等編 Yue Peiqi et al. (eds.) 2000 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0054194. ASIZP0057999. ASIZP0058545. ASIZP0059636. ASIZP0059719. ASIZP0066723. ASIZP0072625. ASIZP0072626. ASIZP0072627. ASIZP0074233. ASIZP0074398. ASIZP0805308. ASIZP0805309. ASIZP0805310. ASIZP0900207. ASIZP0915308. ASIZP0915309. ASIZP0915310. BMNH1865.5.2.49Lectotype. BMNH1865.5.2.50-53Paralectotype. NMMBP02920. NMMBP02935. NMMBP03909. NMMBP03910. NMMBP03917. NMMBP03937. NMMBP04008. NMMBP04016. NMMBP04018. NMMBP05975. NMMSTP00366. NMNSF00141. NMNSF01415. NTHUB01144. NTHUB01245. NTHUB01248. NTHUB01249. ...List all 66 records... 
Barcode2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Short-nose gudgeon 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     NT 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::NT
Characteristic Head moderately large. Snout short, blunt. Mouth inferior, arched and small, posterior end distant from anterior margin of eye; well developed papillae on extended lips. One pair of mandibular barbells at corner of mouth. Body cylindrical, elongated, posterior laterally compressed; ventral profile horizontal to origin of anal; dorsal arched. Scales moderately large, cycloid; ventral surface of head, thorax and abdomen naked; lateral line scales complete. L.l.:38-40; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pectoral fin rays:1+12-13; pelvic fin rays:1+7; anal fin rays:2+6; pectoral and pelvic fins laterally expanded; pectoral fins end distant from pelvic fin origin, tip reaches dorsal fin origin; caudal fin forked. Pelvic fin origin at middle between snout tip and caudal peduncle end, posterior tip extended over anus. Dark brown dorsally; canary yellow ventrally. A dark longitudinal stripe along lateral line, 5-6 dark blotches in a row above lateral line; irregular dark blotches along back. A conspicuous spot on caudal peduncle end. All fins slightly transparent, dark stripes on dorsal, pectoral and caudal fins, pair fins turn to red in breeding season.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, inhabits in slightly fast running water with high dissolved oxygen of lower and middle reaches. Benthic, prefers to form schools. Polyphagia, feeds on aquatic insects and diatom on rock. 
Distribution Endemic to western portion of Taiwan, can be found from Houlung River to Tanshui River.