Scientific Name
Mylopharyngodon piceus  
Mylopharyngodon piceus青魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Richardson, 1846) Depth 5 - 30M
Chinese 青魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 青魚 
Max Length 180 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黑鰱、黑鰡、烏鰡、黑鯪 
Distribution in World China   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Canton, China 
Synonyms Barbus tonkinensis, Leucisculus fuscus, Leuciscus aethiops, Leuciscus dubius, Leuciscus piceus, Myloleuciscus aethiops, Myloleuciscus atripinnis, Myloleucus aethiops, Mylopharyngodon aethiops, Mylopharyngodon pisceus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999)  Richardson, J. 1846 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 
Specimen List ANSP49950Holotype. ASIZP0061366. ASIZP0070403. ASIZP0072724. ASIZP0072725. ASIZP0072726. ASIZP0805407. ASIZP0805408. ASIZP0805409. ASIZP0915407. ASIZP0915408. ASIZP0915409. FRIP00710. FRIP00711. FRIP00962. NMMSTP00842. NTHUB01997. NTUM03303.  
Barcode2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Snail carp; Chinese roach; Black carp; Black amur 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head moderately large, roof of head broad. Snout short, blunt. Eye moderately large, interorbital space broad. Mouth large; upper jaw longer than lower, posterior end of upper jaw reaches anterior margin of eye. Body elongated, anterior cylindrical, posterior laterally compressed, belly rounded. Scales large, cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:39-44; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pectoral fin rays:1+16-18; pelvic fin rays:2+8; anal fin rays:3+8-9. Dorsal fin origin above pelvic fin origin; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pelvic fins at lower side of body; anal fin origin at midline between pelvic fin origin and caudal fin origin; caudal fin forked. Olive brown dorsally, side and belly grayish white. All fins dark grayish.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers large, slow-flowing or standing water bodies, demersal. Carnivorous, feeds mainly on snails, aquatic insects and crustaceans. 
Distribution Wildly distributed to eastern Asia, from Vietnam to Siberia. Populations of Taiwan were introduced. 
Utility Aquaculture and gamefish.