Scientific Name
Metzia formosae
Metzia formosae臺灣梅氏鯿
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Oshima, 1920) Depth 0 - 5M
Chinese 臺灣梅氏鯿 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 臺灣梅茨魚 
Max Length 12 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 車栓仔、臺灣黃鯝魚、臺灣細鯿、臺灣麥氏鯿 
Distribution in World Taiwan、China   Distribution in Taiwan North 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Near Manka, Taihoku, Taiwan 
Synonyms Ischikauia hainanensis, Metzia fanlingensis, Rasborinus formosae, Rasborinus yaii   
Reference 臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005);臺灣淡水魚類紅皮書(陳等, 2011)  Oshima, M. 1920 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ANSP49952Holotype. ASIZP0064318. ASIZP0074821. NMMSTP00837. NMNSF00186. NMNSF00267. NMNSF00765. NMNSF00875-A. NMNSF00875-F. NMNSF01502-A. NMNSF01502-F. NMNSF01567. NMNSF01577. NTHUB01865. NTUM02215.  
Common Name Taiwan lesser-bream 
Redlist Status III2009/4/1 COA, Taiwan Redlist: Vulnerable   NL Not in IUCN Redlist     VU 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::VU
Characteristic Head small. Snout short. Eye large, interorbital space broad. Mouth superior, oblique; barbels absent. Body elongated, compressed; dorsal profile slightly arched; caudal peduncle slender; belly in front of pelvic fin origin rounded; keel on belly between pelvic fin origin and anus. Scales moderately large, cycloid, lateral line complete. L.l.:45-47; dorsal fin rays:2+8; pectoral fin rays:1+13; pelvic fin rays:1+7; anal fin rays:2+14. Dorsal fin origin at midline between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Grayish dorsally, silvery white ventrally. A conspicuously dark stripe on side of body from posterior margin of eye to caudal peduncle end.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers still water at lower and middle reaches, common in ponds, lakes and backwater of rivers; rare. Polyphagia, feeds on water vegetation, diatom and aquatic insects. 
Distribution Endemic to Taiwan, can be found in some drainage of northern Taiwan. 
Utility Small in size, poorly noticed.