Scientific Name
Solenostomus paradoxus  
Solenostomus paradoxus細吻剃刀魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Pallas, 1770) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 細吻剃刀魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 剃刀魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F294 Solenostomidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 細吻剃刀魚 
Max Length 12 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 剃刀魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality [Amboyna] Ambon Island, Moluccas/Maluku, Indonesia, Banda Sea, western Pacific 
Synonyms Fistularia paradoxa, Solenostomatichthys paradoxus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List NTUM04245. USNM00076598.  
Common Name Ornate ghost pipefish; Harlequin ghost pipefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, laterally compressed, depth greatest between origin of spinous dorsal and pelvic fins, strongly constricted between pelvic-fin insertion and origin of soft dorsal and anal fins. Head elongate; snout elongate, tubular, with nasal lamellae. Mouth small, vertically oriented, toothless, with single mandibular barbel. Two dorsal fins, the first with V weak spines and the second with 17 to 21 unbranched soft rays; spinous and soft dorsal fins widely separated, each on a raised base; anal fin rounded, situated opposite soft dorsal fin and on a raised base, composed of 17 to 20 unbranched soft rays; caudal fin truncate, rounded, or lanceolate, modified into brood pouch in females; pectoral fins small, rounded; pelvic fins large, situated opposite spinous dorsal fin. Lateral line absent. Body and fins with slender simple cirri. Variable in color from black to red and yellow, usually in a mix of bands and spot.
habitats Usually settles along reef edges in current-prone areas. Uncommon species found solitary or paired, among branches of gorgonians, floating weeds, or crinoids. They feed mostly on mysids but also target small benthic shrimps. 
Distribution Distributed from Red Sea and East Africa to the Marshall Islands and New Caledonia, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. It is very rare and only found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.