Scientific Name
Regalecus russelii  
Regalecus russelii勒氏皇帶魚
Author (Cuvier, 1816) Depth 20 - 1000M
Chinese 勒氏皇帶魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 皇帶魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F207 Regalecidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 勒氏皇帶魚 
Max Length 800 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 皇帶魚、龍宮使者、白龍王、龍王魚、鯡魚王、地震魚、皇帝魚(嘉義) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Original locality: Vizagapatam, India. Neotype loacality: Shikoku, Tosa Bay, Japan 
Synonyms Gymnetrus hawkenii, Gymnetrus hawkinsii, Gymnetrus russelii, Regalecus caudatus, Regalecus glesne pacificus, Regalecus kinoi, Regalecus russellii, Regalecus woodjonesi   
Reference Roberts, T. R. 2012. Systematics, biology, and distribution of the species of the oceanic oarfish genus Regalecus (Teleostei, Lampridiformes, Regalecidae). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 202: 1-268.  Robert F. Hutton 1961 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0060539. ASIZP0060540. ASIZP0060666. ASIZP0067242. ASIZP0802197. ASIZP0912197.  
Common Name Oarfish; King-of-the-Herring 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body extremely elongate, compressed. Upper jaw highly protrusible, maxilla broad; teeth minute in both jaws. Dorsal fin very long, extending along entire body to tail; First 8 to 10 dorsal-fin extremely elongate, consisting of 4 to 6 elongate, flexible spines, inserting above eye; tptal dorsal-fin rays 345-365. Anal fin absent. Caudal fin usually absent in large specimens. Pelvic-fin rays have specialized sensory capability, with cells that resemble taste-buds on their fleshy tabs. Scales absent, except for tubular lateral-line scales. Body silver with obliqe dusky bars; fins deep, crimson-red.
habitats A rare species mainly offshore, sometimes drifting to coastal regions. Feed on deep sea shrimps, small fish,and squid. The eggs are free-floating, large, and red. Little known of their habits and reproductive ecology. 
Distribution May be in Indo-Pacific. It very rare and only found in northwestern and eastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial importance.