Scientific Name
Centrophryne spinulosa  
Centrophryne spinulosa刺鮟鱇
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Regan & Trewavas, 1932 Depth 0 - 2325M
Chinese 刺鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺鮟鱇科 Economic Fish No 
Family F241 Centrophrynidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 刺鮟鱇 
Max Length 24.7 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 中角鮟鱇、深海鮟鱇 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Pacific, off northern New Guinea, 1°20'S, 138°42'E 
Synonyms Rhynchoceratias leucorhinus   
Reference 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文;Ho & Shao (2019), Zootaxa, 4702(1):10–18.   Regan, C. T. etc. 1932 Bertelsen, E. 1951 Theodore W. Pietsch etc. 1971 Pietsch, T. W. 1972 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 何宣慶 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0059902. ASIZP0061793. ASIZP0061794. ASIZP0062881. ASIZP0062948. ASIZP0063268.  
Common Name Horned lantern fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin rays 6-7; anal fin rays 5-6; pectoral fin rays 15-16; caudal fin rays 9. Body long, slender, not globular; entire body including all fins dark redish-brown to black; jaws equal anteriorly, extending in or beyond eye; a large, oval pit just anterior to each eye; sphenotic spines absent; articular spines minute; pectoral fin lobe short and borad, shorter than longest rays od pectoral fin; gill opening oval in shape, situated just postero-ventral to pectoral lobe; skin covered with numerous close-set spines. Opercular bone bifurcate, the two forks froming an acute angle; subopercular bone approximately as long as lower fork of operculum. Illicium on snout, distal end of pterygiophore of illicium exposed, emerging on snout; esca with an anterior compressed, fan-shaped appendage, and a single, short and more or less of bulb of esca covered with a mosaic-like pigmented pattern, distal part more evenly pigmented; distal part of anterior paaendage white with scatterede large melanophores.
habitats Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous, larvae habits in the upper, food-rich 
Distribution Widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical parts of all oceans. It is rare in Taiwan, only occurring in the northeast off Yilan. 
Utility No commercial value.