Scientific Name
Lophius litulon  
Lophius litulon黃鮟鱇
by: H. C. Ho
Author (Jordan, 1902) Depth 25 - 560M
Chinese 黃鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮟鱇科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F227 Lophiidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃鮟鱇 
Max Length 150 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鮟鱇 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tokyo, Japan 
Synonyms Lophiomus litulon   
Reference Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).   Jordan, D. S. 1902 Caruso, J. H. 1983 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0063058. ASIZP0065406. ASIZP0066343. ASIZP0066962. ASIZP0066963. ASIZP0075152. ASIZP0806628. ASIZP0900353. ASIZP0916628. ASIZP0917371. NMMBP02869. NMMBP03718. NMMBP05796.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Yellow goosefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body disk rounded; head broad and depressed; skin smoothly and scaleless, with numerous tasseled, fleshy appendages; lateral ridge of frontal bone with two series of low conical spine; pseudobranch present; interorbit broad and slightly caved; humeral spine well developed and complex with 2-3 small spines; illicium short, slender, devoid of tendrils, usually shorter than the second dorsal spine; esca with simple pennant-like flap, without long cirri and eye-like appendages; second dorsal spine short, darkly pigmented distally and with dark tendrils present; third dorsal spine long, darkly pigment and devoid of tendril; fourth, fifth, and sixth dorsal spine short, devoid of tendrils an dark pigment at bases. Body with dark-brown irregular reticular vein on yellow-brown background on dorsal surface; ventral surface light; underside of pectoral fin dark distally; anal and caudal fins dark; oral cavity pale or dusky, without color pattern.
habitats Marine. Bathydemersal, found in the outer continental shelf and upper slope, usually in depth 100-600 m. First dorsal spine highly modified into a long rod with a lure at the end call illicium and esca, acts as a fishing lure to attracting small fish and  
Distribution Restricted to the northwest Pacific from Japan to East China Sea. It is rare in Taiwan, its southmost distributing range extend to the Northeast off Yilan. 
Utility Serve as high value and delicious seafood. Some used in Chinese medicine.