Scientific Name
Plectorhinchus picus  
Plectorhinchus picus暗點胡椒鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1830) Depth 3 - 50M
Chinese 暗點胡椒鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石鱸科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F374 Haemulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 暗點胡椒鯛 
Max Length 84 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 加志、花旦石鱸、暗點石鱸、嘉誌(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Tahiti 
Synonyms Diagramma pica, Diagramma pica, Diagramma punctatissimum, Gaterin picus, Gaterin punctatissimus, Plectorhinchus orientalis, Plectorhinchus picus, Plectorhinchus punctatissimus, Plectorhynchus picus, Plectrorhynchus picus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);楊鴻嘉圖鑑 (金);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001) 
Specimen List ASIZP0054065. ASIZP0055721. ASIZP0055806. ASIZP0055814. ASIZP0059607. ASIZP0060390. FRIP20266. FRIP20340. FRIP21647. NTMP0449.  
Common Name Pointed sweet lip; Painted sweetlip; Painted grunt; Orientalis sweetlip; Spotted sweetlips; Dotted sweetlips; Black and white sweetlips 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays XII-XIII, 19; anal-fin rays III, 7; pectoral-fin rays17. Body depth 2.9 to 3.3 times in standard length. Juveniles under 25 cm black with a few large white blotches. Adults white with numerous small dark spots. Changes from bold black and white pattern to a whitish grey with numerous small black spots over most of the upper body and fins.
habitats A solitary species found in lagoon and seaward reefs. Adults usually under coral heads or in caves, while juveniles are found in shallow lagoons. Feed on crustaceans and mollusks. Generally marketed fresh. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Seychelles to the Society Islands, north to Japan and south to Lord Howe and Rapa Islands. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Penghu, Lanyu, Lyudao, East, North-East, West.  
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.