Scientific Name
Leiognathus equulus  
Leiognathus equulus短棘鰏
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 10 - 110M
Chinese 短棘鰏 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰏科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F366 Leiognathidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 短棘鰏 
Max Length 24 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 狗腰、金錢仔、三角仔(澎湖)、三角鐵(澎湖)、狗扁(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Lohaja, Red Sea 
Synonyms Equula caballa, Equula edentula, Equula ensifera, Equula totta, Leiognathus argenteus, Leiognathus edentulus, Leiognathus equula, Leiognathus obscura, Scomber edentulus, Scomber equula   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Lee, C. F. etc. 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0057300. ASIZP0057654. ASIZP0057690. ASIZP0057691. ASIZP0061988. ASIZP0061990. ASIZP0063370. ASIZP0064843. ASIZP0064932. ASIZP0065689. ASIZP0065690. ASIZP0071544. ASIZP0071980. ASIZP0074234. ASIZP0074527. ASIZP0074978. ASIZP0076166. ASIZP0080842. ASIZP0800256. ASIZP0800317. ASIZP0802596. ASIZP0802597. ASIZP0802598. ASIZP0807081. ASIZP0807578. ASIZP0807682. ASIZP0900132. ASIZP0900462. ASIZP0910256. ASIZP0912596. ASIZP0912597. ASIZP0916905. ASIZP0917081. ASIZP0917578. ASIZP0917682. FRIP00610. FRIP22086. ...List all 61 records... 
Barcode2011-07-30,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Slimy soapy; Slimy; Slipmouth; Pony fish; Common slipmouth; Common ponyfish; Greater ponyfish; Greater pony fish; Narrowbanded ponyfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body deep and compressed, with strongly arched (almost angular) back; 1.7-1.9 in SL. Head naked; nuchal spine present; mouth pointing downward when protracted. 2nd dorsal spine not elongated; pelvic fins reaching to anal fin origin or nearly so. Body silvery, with faint, narrow, vertical lines above lateral line; a small brown saddle on caudal peduncle; soft dorsal fin with black margin; pectoral fin axil dusky, covered by fin; all other fins colourless or slightly grey.
habitats Found in river mouths and muddy inshore areas, often in mangrove areas. Adults move in schools. Frequently ascends into freshwater reaches of rivers. Active by day. Feeds on polychaetes, small crustaceans, small fishes and worms. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea, Persian Gulf, East Africa, Reunion, Comoros, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius to Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia. It is found in western and southwestern Taiwanese waters, and Pe 
Utility Important food fish in the tropics. Marketed fresh or dried.