Scientific Name
Symphorus nematophorus  
Symphorus nematophorus曳絲笛鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1860) Depth 1 - 50M
Chinese 曳絲笛鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 絲條長鰭笛鯛 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 赤筆仔、鐵汕婆(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Australia   Distribution in Taiwan South、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Celebes 
Synonyms Glabrilutjanus nematophorus, Lutianus nematophorus, Lutjanus nematophorus, Mesoprion nematophorus, Paradicichthys venenatus, Symphorus forsteri, Symphorus taenilatus, Symphorus taeniolatus, Symporichthys nematophorus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  P. Bleeker 1860 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055636. ASIZP0055986. ASIZP0067343. ASIZP0802488. ASIZP0802812. ASIZP0912488. ASIZP0912812. FRIP00661. NMMBP04215. NMMBP06375.  
Common Name Chinaman fish; Chinaman snapper; Chinamanfish; Chinaman-fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep, laterally compressed. Eye located well above mouth. Deep groove running obliquely downward from eye to anterior nostril or a little beyond. Nostrils on each side of snout not very close together.Mouth terminal, jawsalmost equal. Premaxillae protrusible. Maxilla reaching vertical through about middle of eye. Teeth in jaws in narrow bands, with the outer teeth enlarged; canine teeth present at anterior end of upper jaw; vomer toothless; tongue with a patch of granular teeth. Maxilla without scales or longitudinal ridges. First gill arch with 4 to 6 gill rakers on upper limb, 10 to 15 on lower limb (total 15 to 21). Dorsal fin continuous, notched slightly near junction of spinous and soft portions; with X spines and 14 to 17 soft rays; one or more anterior soft rays of dorsal fin produced into long filaments in juveniles; caudal fin emarginate. Tubed lateral-line scales 50 to 56. Juveniles whitish along lower half of the body from below eye level. Young with bright blue stripes on yellowish sides; brown back. Adults yellowish brown to reddish. Sometimes show faint vertical barring. Numerous blue lines along scale-rows that are brightest in sub-adults.
habitats Inhabits coral reefs from shallow water to depths of at least 50 m. Occurs solitarily. Feeds mainly on fishes. 
Distribution Western Pacific from Ryukyu Islands to the Indo-Australian Archipelago. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility An excellent food fish, but in Queensland it is considered dangerous due to the chance of ciguatera poisoning. Frequently seen in markets.