Scientific Name
Stegastes lividus  
Stegastes lividus長吻高身雀鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 1 - 5M
Chinese 長吻高身雀鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 雀鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F411 Pomacentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長吻眶鋸雀鯛 
Max Length 13 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 厚殼仔、黑婆(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tahuata, Marquesas Is, s. Pacific 
Synonyms Chaetodon lividus, Eupomacentrus nigricans, Pomacentrus lividus, Pomacentrus nigricans, Pomacentrus virianus, Pomacentrus vitianus, Stegastes nigricans, Stegastes robertsoni   
Reference Shao et al (1992);Fishbase(2005);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 Randall, J. E. 2004 
Specimen List ASIZP0057343. ASIZP0061260. ASIZP0070021. ASIZP0070703. ASIZP0073253. ASIZP0073254. ASIZP0073555. ASIZP0073556. ASIZP0802457. ASIZP0803350. ASIZP0805728. ASIZP0805729. ASIZP0806104. ASIZP0806105. ASIZP0912457. ASIZP0913350. ASIZP0915728. ASIZP0915729. ASIZP0916104. ASIZP0916105. NMMSTP00571.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-25,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-25,柯慧玲,CO1,100% ,,CO1,100%
Common Name Blunt snout gregory; Bluntsnout gregory; Farmerfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal rays XII, 14-16; Anal rays II, 12-14; pectoral rays 18-19; lateral-line scales 17-19; body depth 1.9-2.0 times in standard length. Upper and lower accessory caudal rays not spinous. Posterior margin of preopercle serrated, subopercle smooth. Both jaws with uniserial teeth. Upper and lower lobes of caudal fin without filamentous posterior rays. Juveniles brown with a diffuse black blotch with lavender speckles on rear base of dorsal fin; adults loose lavender speckles and range from a light grayish brown to black in color. Additionally, adults bodies with darker scale outlines; blue spot at center of scales on head, body and fin sheaths; mostly pale blue suborbital scales.
habitats A territorial species commonly found in coral reef areas with dead staghorn corals. Feeds on filamentous algae supported by these dead corals. Frequently charge human intruders without hesitation, sometimes taking painful nips which are mildly alarming wh 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East African coast to the Line and Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Bonin Islands, south to New Caledonia and Tonga; throughout Micronesia. It is found in southern and southwestern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.