Scientific Name
Larimichthys crocea  
Larimichthys crocea大黃魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Richardson, 1846) Depth 10 - 70M
Chinese 大黃魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大黃魚 
Max Length 80 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黃魚、黃瓜、黃花魚、黃口、火口、大黃花 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality China 
Synonyms Collichthys chinensis, Collichthys croceus, Larimichthys croceus, Pseudosciaena amblyceps, Pseudosciaena crocea, Pseudosciaena undovittata, Sciaena crocea   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Richardson, J. 1846 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0063555. ASIZP0069749. ASIZP0069758. ASIZP0070974. ASIZP0071048. ASIZP0073962. ASIZP0079198. ASIZP0080394. ASIZP0080476. ASIZP0700246. ASIZP0803260. ASIZP0803261. ASIZP0804206. ASIZP0804231. ASIZP0913260. ASIZP0913261. ASIZP0914206. ASIZP0916427. CAS76438. FRIP01287. FRIP01300. MTP0069. MTP0080. MTP0166. MTP0205. NMMBP04353. NMMBP04760. NTP0205. NTUM00861. NTUM00862. NTUM00863. NTUM01771. NTUM05134. NTUM07185. NTUM07196. NTUM07197. NTUM07198. ...List all 52 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Croceine croaker; Large yellow croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin VIII-IX, I, 30-35; anal fin II, 7-9; pectoral fin I, 15-18; ventral fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 49-53; gill-rakers 7-9 + 18-20.Body elongated and compressed; Head bluntly pointed with a large, terminal and slightly oblique mouth, snout not protruded; length of upper jaw equal to lower one, maxilla ends below rear edge of eye. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both two jaw, the large forming outer series in upper jaw, large teeth in inner series in lower jaw and outer row of anterior teeth crowded together. 5 marginal pores and 3 rostral pores; 4 or 6 mental pores and the median divided. Anterior nostril round, the posterior one larger and elongated round. Preopercle serrated, operculum ending in two weak, flattened spines (often hidden by skin); with pseudobranch in inner side of operculum. Gill rakers slender, as long as gill filaments at angle of arch. Head covered by cycloid scales except rear vertex, front 1/3 of body covered by cycloid scales, other covered by ctenoid scales. Sagitta morphology referred to as the Larmichthys form, sagitta with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface slightly convex, with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head round, tail spoon-shaped. Origin of pelvic fin behind top of pectoral fin base. Caudal fin rhomboid. Lining of body cavity black; Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Larimichthys form, swimbladder carrot-shaped with a series 31 to 33 pairs of appendages, divided in dorsal and ventral limbs, no appendages enter the head; dorsal limb branched in a wing manner.Color: body purplish brown above and golden below. Dorsal fin yellowish brown, caudal fin yellowish brown with blackish brown tip; anal, pelvic and pectoral fins light yellow. Mouth lining white, margin of mouth light pink, gill chamber black at upper part and pink at lower part. Anal soft rays usually 8.
habitats Inhabit coastal waters and estuaries. Feed on crustaceans and fishes. 
Distribution West 
Utility Foodfish