Scientific Name
Cephalopholis argus  
Cephalopholis argus斑點九刺鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Depth 1 - 40M
Chinese 斑點九刺鮨 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑點九棘鱸 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 眼斑鱠、過魚、石斑、油鱠、青貓、黑鱠僅、黑鱠仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality East Indes 
Synonyms Bodianus guttatus, Bodianus jacob-evertsen, Bodianus jacobevertsen, Cephalopholis miniatus, Cephalopolis argus, Epinephelus argus, Serranus guttatus, Serranus immunerur, Serranus myriaster, Serranus thyrsites   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E. etc. 1985 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055064. ASIZP0056186. ASIZP0063448. ASIZP0070063. ASIZP0071056. ASIZP0071072. ASIZP0074004. ASIZP0074156. ASIZP0074921. ASIZP0802657. ASIZP0804254. ASIZP0804255. ASIZP0804394. ASIZP0806483. ASIZP0914394. ASIZP0916483. FRIP21640. FRIP22149. NMMBP01009. NMMBP02159. NMMBP04081. NMMSTP00201. NTUM04543. NTUM08341. NTUM08342. NTUM08343. RUSI28214.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Seabass; Peacock hind; Peacock grouper; Peacock cod; Peacock rockcod; Peacock rock-cod; Peacock coral cod; Peacock rock cod; Worldwide-peacock rockcod; Blue spotted grouper; Bluespotted grouper; Argus grouper; Blue-spotted grouper; Grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 15 to 17 rays, the membranes ndented between the spines; anal fin with III spines and 9 rays; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18; pectoral fins clearly longer than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.4 to 2.0 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching anus, their length contained 1.9 to 2.4 times in head length; caudal fin well rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with a few auxiliary scales in adults; lateral-line scales 46 to 51; lateral-scale series 95 to 110.
habitats A common tropical species found in a variety of coral reef habitats from tide pools to depths of at least 40 m. In the Gulf of Aqaba, C. argus is found in social units comprising up to 12 adults, including one dominant male. Each group occupies a s 
Distribution C. argus is the most widely distributed of the groupers, occurring from the Red Sea to South Africa and east to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn group, including northern Australia, Lord Howe Island, and Japan. Recently introduced to the Hawaiian  
Utility This common and widespread species is important to artisanal fisheries throughout the Indo-West Pacific region.