Scientific Name
Epinephelus epistictus  
Epinephelus epistictus小紋石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) Depth 71 - 100M
Chinese 小紋石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 小紋石斑魚 
Max Length 80 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、甘梯、鱠仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Epinephelus episticus, Epinephelus heniochus, Epinephelus magniscuttis, Epinephelus praeopercularis, Epinephelus sp., Epinephelus stigmogrammacus, Serranus epistictus, Serranus praeopercularis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Temminck, C.J. etc. 1842 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0066419. ASIZP0069743. ASIZP0071046. ASIZP0076152. ASIZP0801466. ASIZP0803240. ASIZP0804466. ASIZP0807069. ASIZP0911466. ASIZP0913240. ASIZP0914466. ASIZP0917069. FRIP00405. FRIP00416. FRIP22161. NMMBP06554. NTMP0184. NTUM04847. NTUM06897. NTUM08252. NTUM08586. RUSI28220.  
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Spottedback grouper; Broken-line grouper; Brown rockcod; Black-spotted grouper; Black-spotted rockcod; Dotted grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal rays:XI,14-15; anal rays:III,7-8; pectoral rays:16-19; Iateral-line scales 55-70; longitudinal scale series 105-127; scales on body ctenoid except anterodorsally, on thorax, and abdomen; no auxiliary scales on body; no scales on maxilla; first gill arch with gill rakers 8-10 + 15-18; pyloric caeca 8-10; body depth 2.8-3.3 in SL; head length 2.25-2.45 in SL; 2 rows of teeth on midside of lower jaw;caudal fin slightly to moderately rounded; pectoral fins 1.65-2.1 in head; pelvic fins short, not reaching anus, 2.1-2.6 in head. Light brown to yellowish brown, shading to pale lavender-brown ventrally, with very small dark brown spots on body, often concentrated on upper half; a faint broad dark band from orbit to opercular flap and 2 narrower oblique dark bands on cheek, the lowermost a continuation of a narrow dark brown streak at upper edge of maxillary groove. Juveniles with dark spots on head and body arranged in 3 longitudinal rows.
habitats Rocky and trawl able bottoms in depths of 71 to 290 m. Nothing has been published on the biology of E. epistictus
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Kenya to South Africa; Oman, west coast of India, Korea, Japan including Ogasawara Islands, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and northern Australia. 
Utility Probably of some commercial importance, but separate catch statistics are not available for E. epistictus