Scientific Name
Epinephelus quoyanus  
Epinephelus quoyanus玳瑁石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1830) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 玳瑁石斑魚 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 玳瑁石斑魚 
Max Length 30.8 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 玳瑁石斑、石斑、過魚、黑貓鱠、花鱠、深水鱠仔、鱠仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Japan to Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality New Guinea 
Synonyms Cephalopholis megachir, Epinephelus gilberti, Epinephelus hexagonatus, Epinephelus macrospilos, Epinephelus megachir, Epinephelus merra, Epinephelus quoyans, Perca melanocelidota, Serranus alatus, Serranus carinatus, Serranus gilberti, Serranus megachir, Serranus pardalis ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List AMNH90072. ASIZP0056203. ASIZP0056204. ASIZP0056224. ASIZP0057489. ASIZP0058112. ASIZP0058113. ASIZP0058114. ASIZP0058115. ASIZP0058116. ASIZP0061298. ASIZP0064312. ASIZP0065112. ASIZP0067044. ASIZP0067056. ASIZP0067057. ASIZP0067532. ASIZP0074929. ASIZP0074956. ASIZP0800775. ASIZP0802720. ASIZP0802833. ASIZP0802850. ASIZP0802851. ASIZP0806491. ASIZP0806503. ASIZP0910775. ASIZP0912720. ASIZP0912833. ASIZP0912850. ASIZP0912851. ASIZP0916491. ASIZP0916503. ASIZP0916818. BPBMI23145. FRIP00410. FRIP20244. NTUM00046Paratype. ...List all 88 records... 
Barcode2008-04-29,邱詠傑,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Rockfish grouper; Barred-chest rock-cod; Long-finned rockcod; Longfin grouper; Long-finned grouper; Longfin rockcod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 16 to 18 rays, the fourth spine usually longest, its length contained 2.3 to 3.0 times in head length and shorter than the longest dorsal-fin ray; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays, the second and third spines subequal, their length contained 2.8 to 3.8 times in head length and less than or subequal to depth of peduncle; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length 26 to 35% of standard length, contained 1.2 to 1.7 times in head length: pelvic-fin length 1.6 to 2.1 times in head length; caudal-peduncle depth contained 3.1 to 3.6 times in head length; caudal fin rounded; length of middle caudal-fin rays contained 1.35 to 2.0 times in head length. Lateral-body scales ctenoid; auxiliary scales present; lateral-line scales 48 to 52; lateral-scale series 80 to 96. Pyloric caeca 21.
habitats A sedentary little grouper, E. quoyanus is usually found on inshore silty reefs; we found no records from depths greater than 50 m. this species feeds on crustaceans, fishes, and worms, and it is the second most common inshore grouper of the Hong K 
Distribution E. quoyanus is a western Pacific species which occurs from southern Japan to Australia, including Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Philippines, Viet Nam, Thailand, Indonesia, New Guinea and associated islands, and north coast of Australia. 
Utility E. quoyanus is of some economic importance in fisheries at Hong Kong and Taiwan (and probably at other places where it is common). In the Penghu Islands, Taiwan, it is the most common grouper species at the Makung market, and it is often sold alive.