Scientific Name
Epinephelus spilotoceps  
Epinephelus spilotoceps吻斑石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Schultz, 1953 Depth 0 - 90M
Chinese 吻斑石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 吻斑石斑魚 
Max Length 35 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、鱠仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Lagoon reef off Namu I., Bikini Atoll, Marshall Is., w. Pacific 
Synonyms Epinephelus salonotus, Epinephelus spiloteceps   
Reference The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Schultz, L.P. etc. 1953 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0057124. ASIZP0076099. ASIZP0807018. ASIZP0917018. NMMSTP00088.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Spotty cod; Foursaddle grouper; Four-saddle grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 to 16 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length 2.8 to 3.6 times in head length and distinctly shorter than longest dorsal-fin ray; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays, the second spine usually longest, its length contained 2.4 to 3.7 times in head length and usually more than peduncle depth; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length 21 to 24% of standard length, contained 1.7 to 2.1 times in head length; pelvic-fin length contained 1.9 to 2.4 times in head length; caudal-peduncle depth contained 3.5 to 4.1 times in head length: caudal fin rounded; middle caudal-fin rays contained 1.7 to 2.0 times in head length. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 59 to 69; lateral-scale series 86 to 100.
habitats Like the other “reticulated groupers,” E. spilotoceps is a shallow-water coral-reef species. Nothing has been published on the biology of this species. 
Distribution E. spilotoceps is widely distributed in the tropical Indo-Pacific region, from the east coast of Africa (from Zanzibar south to Ponta Zavora, Mozambique) to the Line Islands in the central Pacific (Fig. 408). Except for its occurrence along the Afr 
Utility E. spilotoceps is probably of importance to artisanal fisheries where it is common, but there are no statistics available for this species.