Scientific Name
Suggrundus macracanthus  
Suggrundus macracanthus大棘大眼牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1869) Depth - 132M
Chinese 大棘大眼牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大棘大眼鯒 
Max Length 26 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South West、North East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Ambon Island, Moluccas Islands, Indonesia 
Synonyms Platycephalus macracanthus, Platycephalus sundaicus, Suggrundus sundaicus   
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Knapp, L. W. 1999. Family Platycephalidae. In: Carpenter and Niem (ed). Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. v. 4: iii-v; 2069-2790;3. Shao, K. T. and J. P. Chen, 1987. Fishes of the family Platycephalidae (Teleostei: Platycephaloidei) of Taiwan with descriptions of two new species. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin. 26(1):77-94.  Bleeker, P. 1869 Kailola, P.J. 1987 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056039. ASIZP0060760. ASIZP0064133. ASIZP0070528. CAS30994. NMMBP00029. NMMBP01153. NMMBP01229. NMMBP05251. NTUM06333. NTUM08203. NTUM08204. USNM00076652. USNM00303827.  
Common Name Large-spined flathead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with I-VIII spines and 12 soft rays; anal fin with 12 soft rays; pectoral fin with 19-21 soft rays; lateral line scales 51-53. Preopercular spines 3, upper long, bayonet-like, reaching to or past opercular margin. Anterior 13-33 lateral line scales bearing a small spine or ridge. Iris lappet bilobed in adults, crenate in juveniles. Finger-like interopercular flap present. Total gill rakers on first arch 7-9, usually 8. Body upper brown, lower pallid. First dorsal fin with several brown spots; second dorsal fin, anal and caudal fin transparent; pelvic and pectoral fin with scatterd black spots.
habitats Inhabit demersal marine environment, attains 26.0 cm TL. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: southern India and Sri Lanka to Malaysia, Gulf of Thailand, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Philippines, the Arafura Sea, Northwest Shelf of Australia to Coral Sea. 
Utility Minor commercial food species.