Scientific Name
Mobula birostris
Mobula birostris雙吻前口蝠鱝
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Walbaum, 1792) Depth 0 - 120M
Chinese 雙吻前口蝠鱝 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱝科 Economic Fish No 
Family F058 Myliobatidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 雙吻前口蝠鱝 
Max Length 910 cmWD  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 飛魴仔、鷹魴、鬼蝠魟 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Ocean  Holotype Locality No locality stated 
Synonyms Brachioptilon hamiltoni, Cephaloptera stelligera, Cephalopterus manta, Cephalopterus vampyrus, Ceratoptera alfredi, Ceratoptera ehrenbergi, Ceratoptera ehrenbergii, Ceratoptera johnii, Manta alfredi, Manta americana, Manta brevirostris, Manta ehrenbergii, Manta hamiltoni ...all 16..  
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p.  Coles, R.J. 1916 Coles Russell J. 1916 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Homma, K. etc. 1999 
Specimen List
Common Name Sea devil; Prince Alfreds ray; Skeete; Pacific manta; Devil ray; Atlantic manta; Eagleray; Blanketfish; Devil-ray; Devilfish; Australian devilray; Manta; Great devil fish; Manta ray; Mantaray; Giant devil ray; Giant manta; Giant Atlantic manta 
Redlist Status I2020-04-28 COA, Taiwan Redlist: Critically Endangered   DD IUCN Redlist: Data deficient(DD)  2002-01-01  CITES Appendix 2 CITES Appendix 2 
Characteristic Disc nearly twice as wide as long. Head broad, flat, truncate. Snout very broad. Rostral fins fins distinct from the pectorals, directed forward. Pectorals falciform, anterior margin convex, posterior concave. Eyes lateral. Mouth width 3 in disc length. Teeth minute rasp-like, on the lower jaw only, occupying the entire width of the jaw. Gill openings transverse. One dorsal fin,its origin a little forward of the bases of the pectorals. Ventrals small. Posterior margin rounded, not reaching to the ends of the pectorals. Tail longer than disc length. Specimen in formalin dark brown on the back. Under surface whitish.
habitats Mainly in near-shore waters, near coral and rocky reefs; sometimes found over deep water Penetrates shallow muddy bays and the intertidal and occurs off river mouths. Occurs singly or in loose aggregations. Mainly plankton feeders, but may feed on small a 
Distribution Red Sea, Natal, South Africa, India, Malay Peninsula, East Indies, New South Wales, Melanesia, Polynesia, Hawaii, Taiwan. China.