Scientific Name
Meadia abyssalis  
Meadia abyssalis箭齒前肛鰻
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Kamohara, 1938) Depth 100 - 320M
Chinese 箭齒前肛鰻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 合鰓鰻科 Economic Fish No 
Family F080 Synaphobranchidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 箭齒前肛鰻 
Max Length 73 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 深海昏糯鰻、合鰓鰻 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Sagami Sea, Japan, western North Pacific 
Synonyms Dysomma abyssale, Meadia abyssale, Media abyssalis   
Reference 陳餘鋆, 2002. 臺灣深海鰻類的分類,分布,柔軟器官及以腦部形態與尾鰭骨骼探討真鰻類及糯鰻亞目之親緣關係; 楊瑋庭 , 2011. 碩士論文:臺灣合鰓鰻科魚類之初步分類研究.; Robins, C. H. and C. R. Robins, 1976. New genera and species of Dysommine and Synaphobranchine eels(Synaphobranchidae)with an analysis of the Dysommine. Proceeding of the academy of natural sciences of Philadelphia. 127(18):249-280.  Böhlke, J. E. 1956 
Specimen List ASIZP0063196. ASIZP0063208. NMMBP06117. NTOU-AE5351. NTOU-AE5352. NTOU-AE5353. NTOU-AE5359. NTOU-AE5360. NTOU-AE5361.  
Common Name Abyssal cutthroat eel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic No scale. Pectoral fin well developed. Upper jaw longer than lower jaw. Premaxillary teeth in a patch. Upper ja⁷s teeth small, in a band; lower ja⁷s teeth small, in a band; vomerine teeth conical, anterior five large, posterior small, in a row. Dorsal fin origin behind anus. Vertebral formula 9-16-178. Total length 14.9 of body depth, 6.5 of head length; caudal length 3.4 of the length from head to trunk; head length 3.9 of snout length; snout length 3.3 of diameter of eye. Rictus over rear of eye. Eye large. Caudal fin present. Dorsal, anal fin confluent with caudal fin. The length of anus to gill slit shorter than head length. Anterior nostril tubule, posterior nostril hole before eye. Body color gray to black, pale below.
habitats Demersal fishes; inhabit in 200 to 800 meters deep, feed on small fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates.  
Distribution Indian, Pacific and Atlantic.  
Utility No enough quantity for fishery.