Scientific Name
Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus  
Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus短尾粗吻海龍
by: ©Randall, John E.
Author (Bleeker, 1857) Depth 1 - 42M
Chinese 短尾粗吻海龍 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海龍科 Economic Fish No 
Family F295 Syngnathidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 短尾粗吻海龍 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 短吻粗吻海龍、海龍 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Amboina [Ambon Bay, Ambon Island, Moluccas/Maluku, Indonesia, Banda Sea, western Pacific] 
Synonyms Ichthyocampus annulatus, Ichthyocampus maculatus, Syngnathus bicoarctatus, Syngnathus brevicaudus, Syngnathus zanzibarensis, Trachyramphus bicoarctata, Trachyramphus bicoarctatus, Trachyrhamphus bioarctatus, Yozia bicoarctata, Yozia bicoarctata erythraeensis, Yozia bicoarctata melanesiae, Yozia bioarctata, Yozia compitalis ...all 16..  
Reference Fishbase(2005)  陳春暉 2004 
Specimen List ASIZP0073947.  
Common Name Short-tailed pipefish; Bend stick pipefish; Double-ended pipefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body typically slender and elongate, without scales, encased in a series of bony rings. Snout longer, its length 1.5-2.0 in HL. Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous, the trunk ridge arches dorsad on subdorsal rings; inferior trunk ridge ends at anal ring; lateral trunk ridge confluent with inferior tail ridge. Median dorsal snout ridge a litter elevated above nares, entire to irregularly denticulate; opercle with a low,complete or incomplete,ridge angled upward toward gill opening; scutella without longitudinal keels; dermal flaps present or absent in adults. Rings 21-24 + 55-63, darsal-fin rays 24-32, pectoral-fin rays 15-19. Variably near white to almost black, tip of snout often pale in dark fish; body plain, spotted or mottled.
habitats Inhabits subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs, usually among algae or seagrasses. Most are seen on sand and mud areas, prone to currents; usually soft bottom to about 25 m. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to New Caledonia, north to southern Japan; Mariana Islands in Micronesia. It is found in Penghu Is., western Taiwan. 
Utility No commercial value.