Scientific Name
Epinephelus rivulatus  
Epinephelus rivulatus霜點石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1830) Depth 1 - 50M
Chinese 霜點石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 半月石斑魚 
Max Length 39 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、鱠仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Reunion 
Synonyms Epinephelus akaara, Epinephelus diacanthus, Epinephelus grammatophorus, Epinephelus homosinensis, Epinephelus matterni, Epinephelus raymondi, Epinephelus rhyncholepis, Epinephelus spiramen, Serranus rhyncholepis, Serranus rhyncolepis, Serranus rivulatus, Serranus viridipinnis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054753. ASIZP0055682. ASIZP0063523. FRIP00412. NMMBP02345. RUSI28216. SU49387.  
Common Name Rock grouper; White-dotted grouper; Chinaman rockcod; Halfmoon grouper; Halfmoon rockcod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 16 to 18 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, it length contained 2.4 to 3.2 times in head length and subequal to the longest dorsal-fin ray; the interspinous membranes distinctly incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral fins fleshy, with 17 to 19 rays: pectoral-fin length contained 1.5 to 1.9 times, pelvic-fin length 1.5 to 1.9 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with numerous auxiliary scales; nape and front of body above lateral line with minute auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 48 to 53; lateral-scale series 86 to 98. Pyloric caeca 26.
habitats E. rivulatus occurs on rocky bottoms or coral reefs in depths of 10 to 150 m. On the North Kenya Banks, Morgans (1982) found that females were mature at 22 cm standard length (200 g) and the smallest mature male was 25 cm standard length (500 g). S 
Distribution E. rivulatus is widely distributed from the western Indian Ocean to the western Pacific and southward into temperate waters of South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. We have examined specimens, from Yemen, Kenya, Zanzibar, Mozambique, South Afri 
Utility Probably of some importance in areas where it is common.